The South Pacific is considered to be 18,346 kilometres wide which is nearly half the Earth's circumference. It is home to 1,312 living languages which is 18.5% of the world’s 7,106 languages. It is also home to diverse cultures and races proud of their Oceanic heritage. Most of these cultures and languages are maintained by Polynesian, Melanesian, Micronesian and Aboriginal peoples.
The Commonwealth of Australia has a population of over 23 million using a principal language of English. It has 213 living languages in addition to another 177 languages that are listed as extinct. Australia is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area.
Micronesia is the name for a large group of islands, roughly north of the equator and east of the Philippines. It includes a number of countries and territories: Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Northern Marianas, the Marshall Islands, Nauru and Kiribati. Some of these are independent countries, others are territories of the USA. There are 27 living languages identified in this area.
Papua New Guinea is a country located in Oceania that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea as well as its offshore islands in Melanesia. Its population is over 7 million. The three official languages are English, Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu. However, there are over 800 languages spoken across the nation, giving it the distinction of being the most diverse ethnolinguistic region in the world.
Polynesia consists of ten countries comprised of over 1,000 volcanic islands and archipelagos that are spread over a vast portion of the mid and southern Pacific Ocean. There are 19 living languages throughout the Polynesian islands.
Solomon Islands is made up of a large number of islands in Oceania located to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of 28,400 square kilometres. It has a population of over 600,000 with 71 living languages and 4 more that are extinct. English and the English based Solomons Pijin are principal languages used in the country.
East Timor or Timor Leste, officially the Democratic Republic of East Timor, is a country in South-East Asia. It comprises the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecusse, an exclave on the northwestern side of the island, within Indonesian West Timor. With a population of over a million people the country has 19 living languages. Portuguese, Tetun and Tetun Dili are the principal languages spoken.
The Republic of Vanuatu, (Ripablik Blong Vanuatu), formerly New Hebrides, has a population of 234,000, which is approximately 94% Melanesian. The national language is Bislama and the official languages are Bislama, English and French. The number of individual languages listed for Vanuatu is 112. Of those, 110 are living languages and 2 have no known speakers. Vanuatu has the distinction of having the most languages per capita of any country in the world.